Understanding Energy – Fuel Sources That Powered the Past

Understanding Energy - Fuel Sources That Powered the Past

Fuels have been used by man from the very beginning of the civilization. From the ancient age to the modern age, fuels have played an essential part for mankind. Let’s peer into the past to learn more about the ‘Past Fuels’.

So what was the fuel used by Stone Age man? It is said that fire was the first use of fuel by man, either lit by his flint stone tool or forest fire which he used for cooking his meat or to scare away wild animals. Continue reading “Understanding Energy – Fuel Sources That Powered the Past”

How Do Cranes Work? Part III – The Science Behind the Construction

Now to part three in our series on the science behind construction cranes, in which we will consider the role of the hydraulic cylinder. The first two parts briefly described how levers and pulleys, respectively, contribute to the lifting force in cranes. The subsequent and final article will consider perhaps the most important scientific principle in maximizing lifting force: mechanical advantage.

So what is a hydraulic cylinder? The simple answer is a sealed cylinder, or a circular prism, that is fully filled with some type of liquid, normally an oil, with two openings for two pistons. Continue reading “How Do Cranes Work? Part III – The Science Behind the Construction”

Mysterious, Moving, Magnetic North Pole – Cause – Consequence – Florida Airport Runway Closure!

Slowly but steadily, planet Earth’s northern magnetic pole seems to be drifting towards Russia – the recent consequences of which has been the impacting of commercial flights above Florida, forcing closure of air-field runways at Tampa.

Earth’s magnetic fields change relatively slowly, explains the FAA, being marked out at 10 degree increments. The magnetic field has swung from approximately 10 degrees east 300 years ago, to 25 degrees west in the early 19th century. It is now swinging back, presently at 3 degrees west.

Tampa International Airport was forced to readjust its runways in early January, 2011, because of the magnetic field movement, closing its primary runway for a week to change taxiway signs. Continue reading “Mysterious, Moving, Magnetic North Pole – Cause – Consequence – Florida Airport Runway Closure!”

Types of Inheritance in Medical Genetics II – X-Linked Recessive and Dominant Inheritance

From the first part of this article, inheritance in Medical genetics can be divided into four kinds. Autosomal Recessive and Dominant types and X-linked recessive and Dominant types. The Autosomal types, both the recessive and dominant have been discussed in previous articles. Now let’s talk about the X-linked or rather sex-related type of inheritance.

X-linked recessive inheritance
1. There is ‘oblique’ transmission, i.e, in the pedigree, a line drawn through the affected persons is oblique.
2. Continue reading “Types of Inheritance in Medical Genetics II – X-Linked Recessive and Dominant Inheritance”

Medical Degree – What Jobs Can I Get With One?

Whether you are currently studying for a medical degree or if you contemplating it in the near future and you are interested in finding out what kinds career paths are available to you once you graduate, then read on as we’ll discussing your options. If you are nearing the end of your course and unsure whether you want a career as a nurse or doctor after being put off during work placement in a busy hospital then you may be interested to see what else is available.

For those students on medical degree courses who do not wish to pursue a career path in a hospital environment there are a number of options open to them depending upon the economy and the availability of jobs that is.

Medical Degree Career Route Choices

If you are about to graduate from a medical degree course then other than becoming a doctor or nurse you may also be interested in pursuing one the following medical related career paths:


If you have a keen interest in oral hygiene and have good people skills you may be interested in a career as a dentist either for the N.H.S or within private dentistry practice. Continue reading “Medical Degree – What Jobs Can I Get With One?”

Nutraceutical Sciences – What Are They?

Understanding the technical jargon that is used by some industries can often be quite difficult for a lay person however this doesn’t mean that intrinsically they are hard to understand. The food supplement industry alongside other forms of similar products are collectively known in industry as the nutraceutical sciences, the etymology of which stems from two base words in the English language; nutrient and pharmaceutical.

Nutraceutical sciences are primarily concerned with what is often billed as a ‘grey’ area in international regulatory circles. Continue reading “Nutraceutical Sciences – What Are They?”

What Is The Theory of Evolution?

What Is The Theory of Evolution?

People have always wondered who we are, where we came from, and how we came to be. Scholars argue that we are the descendents of an unknown common ancestor to the ape and that we are closely related to them as well. Others argue that we came to be based on the teachings in the Bible. In any case the evolution theory provides a good argument which gives people the benefit of the doubt, but at the same time doesn’t connect anyway to what is normally religiously practiced.

The theory of evolution has been argued by scholars for many years. Continue reading “What Is The Theory of Evolution?”

Idiosyncrasies Of Indian Traditions

Idiosyncrasies Of Indian Traditions

There are many beliefs in India due to spiritual traditions that have transcended their intended purpose. Most of these beliefs have become common place that is followed enmasse and do not have any reason to be so. Here are some common beliefs and the reasons as to why they are misconceptions that should not be practised by the people.

Belief: Hair must not be cut on Tuesdays.
Misconception: In the world of physics time is continuous, it does not exist as Monday and Tuesday. Continue reading “Idiosyncrasies Of Indian Traditions”

HSC Physics – Tips for Success

HSC Physics - Tips for Success

Doing well in HSC Physics requires a good mix of different skills. You’ll mainly need to be great at understanding physical concepts, understanding their impacts on society / environmental issues, being able to form cohesive arguments to support your answers, and command some basic maths skill. There’s already a tonne of articles on the blog or forum posts dealing the more conventional study tips, so we thought we might cover some often missed points on the subject. Continue reading “HSC Physics – Tips for Success”

Anatomy and Physiology Questions and Answers – Pass Your Exams

Anatomy and Physiology is a very difficult subject that causes a lot of frustration and anxiety in most students. The end of year exams can be a very overwhelming time. The good news is that you can pass your exams quite easily, you just need to be prepared.

The most important skill that you will require when preparing for your exams is the need to memorize and memorize well. There are so many terms that you will need to learn such as names of bones, muscle names, glands, arteries, veins plus many more.

Based on past experience the best way to revise is to have a large question bank of Anatomy and Physiology questions and answers. Continue reading “Anatomy and Physiology Questions and Answers – Pass Your Exams”